Allama Iqbal told four ingredients of a Muslim as ‘Qahhari-o-Ghaffari-o-Quddusi-o-Jabroot’ in his poem ‘Mard-e-Musalman‘. When a Muslim manifests these attributes, he becomes a True Believer (Momin/Sahib-e-Yaqeen) and sees with the light of God, gives good news and warnings. ‘Bashiri’ and ‘Nazeeri’ are also attributes of a Momin.
Lets read a Verse of Quran, Ahadees and couplets of Allama Iqbal to explain these attributes of a Banda-e-Momin.
Bashir – The one who gives glad tidings (بشیر – بشارت دینے والا، خوشخبری سنانے والا)
Nazir – The one who warns, warner (نذیر – عذاب سے ڈرانے والا)
1. From Book: Zarb-e-Kaleem: Adam Ka Zameer Uss Ki Haqiqat Pe Hai Shahid
Otherwise, O True believer, you are a warner and bearer of tidings.
Iqbaliat Expert & Iqbal Shahas, Prof. Yousuf Saleem Chishti explained this couplet in his book ‘Sharah Zarb-e-Kaleem’ as below
Al-Basheer, Al-Nazir, Al-Noor are Names of Our Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
And (O Prophet,) We have sent you to the entire mankind as a’ bearer of good news and a Warner, but most people do not know.
2. (Asrar-e-Khudi-15) Marhala Soyem: Nayabat-e-Elahi
He comes both as a soldier and as a marshal and prince.
3. (Javed Nama-24) Pegham-e-Afghani Ba Millat-e-Roosia
that shall be both bearer of good tidings and warner.
4. (Javed Nama-41) Zinda Rood Mushkilat-e-Khud Ra Paesh Arwah Buzurg Mee-Gowed – Hallaj
‘His servant’ is both glass and heavy stone.
5. From Book: Baal-e-Jibreel: Poem Deen-o-Siasat
To make the grace a mirror to power
Deen-o-Siasat is an important poem of Allama Iqbal and It will be discussed in detail in some later post.
1. From Book: Armaghan-e-Hijaz Urdu: Poem Budhe Baloch Ki Nasihat Bait Ko
But signs abound, If Muslims are wakeful
2. From Book: Armaghan-e-Hijaz Farsi: Poem Huzoor-e-Risalat 11: Mera Tanhai Wa..
To thee owes hence, the La-ilah’s light,
3. From Book: Pas Che Bayad Kard: Asakay Chand Bar Iftaraq…
her eyes do not see through God’s light;
Sayyidina Abu Sa’eed Khudri (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said,
“Fear of the sight of a True Believer, for, he sees with the light of Allah.”
He then recited: Surely in that are signs for the sagacious. (15: 75)
It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Musa that when the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) deputed any of his Companions on a mission, he would say: Give tidings (to the people); do not create (in their minds) aversion (towards religion); show them leniency and do not be hard upon them.
It is reported that an Egyptian asked Sayyidina Abu Darda (RA) to explain this verse: “For them there is the good news in the worldly life and in the Hereafter.” (10: 64) He said, “No one else had asked me about it since I asked Allah’s Messenger (SAW) about it and he told me that no one had asked him apart from me since it was revealed. It is a good dream of a Muslim – or that which he is shown.”
Sayyidina Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “As the time draws near, the dream of a believer will not be false and the truest dream will be of one who is truest in speech. And, the dream of the Muslim is a portion of the forty-six portions of Prophet Hood. And dreams are of three kinds: good dreams are glad tidings from Allah, sad dreams are from the devil and there are dreams about what man experiences with him self. So, when one of you sees a dream that he does not like then he must stand up and spit (out to a side) and he must not mention it to the people”. He also said, “I love to see a chain in my dream because the noblest fetters are to be steadfast in religion and I hate the fetters in the neck”. [Bukhari 7017, Muslim 2263]
Allah’s Apostle said, “When the Day of Resurrection approaches, the dreams of a believer will hardly fail to come true, and a dream of a believer is one of forty-six parts of prophetism, and whatever belongs to prothetism can never be false.” Muhammad bin Sirin said, “But I say this.” He said, “It used to be said, ‘There are three types of dreams: The reflection of one’s thoughts and experiences one has during wakefulness, what is suggested by Satan to frighten the dreamer, or glad tidings from Allah. So, if someone has a dream which he dislikes, he should not tell it to others, but get up and offer a prayer.” He added, “He (Abu Huraira) hated to see a Ghul (i.e., iron collar around his neck in a dream) and people liked to see fetters (on their feet in a dream). The fetters on the feet symbolizes one’s constant and firm adherence to religion.”
Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When the time draws near (when the Resurrection is near) a believer’s dream can hardly be false. And the truest vision will be of one who is himself the most truthful in speech, for the vision of a Muslim is the forty-fifth part of Prophecy, and dreams are of three types: one good dream which is a sort of good tidings from Allah; the evil dream which causes pain is from the satan; and the third one is a suggestion of one’s own mind; so if any one of you sees a dream which he does not like he should stand tip and offer prayer and he should not relate it to people, and he said: I would love to see fetters (in the dream), but I dislike wearing of necklace, for the fetters is (an indication of) one’s steadfastness in religion. The narrator said: I do not know whether this is a part of the hadith or the words of Ibn Sirin.
It was narrated from Anas bin Malik that the Messenger of Allah(saw) said: “A good dream from a righteous man is one of the forty-six parts of prophecy.”
Now Lets read (Zarb-e-Kaleem-143) Alam-e-Nau from Kalam-e-Iqbal
He tries to build the world beheld with utmost might and utmost main.
“God is Great!” his slogan shrill that can the role of soul for new world play.
Note: There are many Ahadees related to Glad News (Basharat) & Good Dreams in Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim and other Hadith Books similar to aforementioned Ahadees.